CARBON REDUCTION, RESOURCES AND OPPORTUNITIES TOOLKIT (CaRROT) Project
Climate risk and climate change remains a key threat to the development of a competitive floriculture industry. The sector is highly vulnerable due to its reliance on climate sensitive resources, and as a result shifts in climate greatly impact the sector’s productivity.
Kenya’s flower industry mainly services distant markets with a small percentage of flowers getting into the local market. The floriculture industry however contributed over KES 54.6 billion to Kenya’s economy in 2014. It created employment opportunities for approximately 500,000 people directly and indirectly with an additional estimated 2 million dependent on the business.
The importing destinations are increasingly demanding for products grown under a regime of environmental care minimizing usage of water and energy, both of which are being tapped from traditional and non-traditional sources to reduce global warming. Notably, focus is gradually shifting to generation of green energy (such as biomass, wind, solar and geothermal), harvesting and storage of rainwater and sinking boreholes to reduce over-reliance on hydro power, rivers and lakes.To preserve and strengthen Kenya’s competitive position in the global markets, the flower sector has found it necessary to develop a unified response to climate change that not only seeks to adapt to the adverse impacts, but also mitigates greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, improves energy efficiency and regulates water resources.
In order to position Kenya as a low emitter source with high quality flowers and thereby improve the sector’s competitiveness in view of the emerging climate change related risks and opportunities, a Carbon Reduction, Resources and Opportunities Toolkit (CaRROT) was developed through the collaborative efforts of Camco Advisory Services (K) Limited (Camco), Kenya Flower Council (KFC) and the Horticultural Crops Development Authority (HCDA). The project was funded by the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN).
CaRROT is a practical and localized GHG, energy and water accounting and management solutions that will enable sector members assess and improve production efficiency. To support the application of the CaRROT toolkit, the guidelines were created to encourage the transition of the flower sector to a low carbon emissions sector through promoting appropriate mitigation measures and highlighting potential climate business opportunities.
The goal of this project is to strengthen the competiveness of Kenya’s flower sector in global markets, through developing a unified response to climate change mitigation, as well as practical and localized accounting and management solutions for greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions, energy efficiency and water use. The main objectives are to develop a sectoral GHG management tool (i.e. CaRROT) and a self-regulating voluntary GHG management standards.
The overall objectives of this project were to:
(i) raise awareness on climate change and identify win-win opportunities that will enhance the sector’s competitiveness;
(ii) create a one of a kind, localized, resources management tool that focuses on GHG emissions, energy consumption and water use; and
(iii) develop sector specific guidelines for GHG and resource management and highlight potential climate opportunities for the flower sector.
In recognition of its efforts, the project was nominated for the ‘AfriCAN Climate Award for Good Practice 2014’ and received a Certificate of Participation. The AfriCAN Climate award recognizes the achievements of individuals and organizations that have distinguished themselves in climate change adaptation and/or mitigation initiatives implemented in Africa.